Published on in Vol 6, No 1 (2019): January

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/11973, first published .
Recommendations for Methodology of Virtual Reality Clinical Trials in Health Care by an International Working Group: Iterative Study

Recommendations for Methodology of Virtual Reality Clinical Trials in Health Care by an International Working Group: Iterative Study

Recommendations for Methodology of Virtual Reality Clinical Trials in Health Care by an International Working Group: Iterative Study

Journals

  1. Goldenhersch E, Thrul J, Ungaretti J, Rosencovich N, Waitman C, Ceberio M. Virtual Reality Smartphone-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial on Initial Clinical Efficacy and Adherence. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(7):e17571 View
  2. Sakhare A, Yang V, Stradford J, Tsang I, Ravichandran R, Pa J. Cycling and Spatial Navigation in an Enriched, Immersive 3D Virtual Park Environment: A Feasibility Study in Younger and Older Adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2019;11 View
  3. Fowler C, Ballistrea L, Mazzone K, Martin A, Kaplan H, Kip K, Murphy J, Winkler S. A virtual reality intervention for fear of movement for Veterans with chronic pain: protocol for a feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2019;5(1) View
  4. Baranowski T, Lyons E. Scoping Review of Pokémon Go: Comprehensive Assessment of Augmented Reality for Physical Activity Change. Games for Health Journal 2020;9(2):71 View
  5. Gainsford K, Fitzgibbon B, Fitzgerald P, Hoy K. Transforming treatments for schizophrenia: Virtual reality, brain stimulation and social cognition.. Psychiatry Research 2020;288:112974 View
  6. Krohn S, Tromp J, Quinque E, Belger J, Klotzsche F, Rekers S, Chojecki P, de Mooij J, Akbal M, McCall C, Villringer A, Gaebler M, Finke C, Thöne-Otto A. Multidimensional Evaluation of Virtual Reality Paradigms in Clinical Neuropsychology: Application of the VR-Check Framework. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(4):e16724 View
  7. Darnall B, Krishnamurthy P, Tsuei J, Minor J. Self-Administered Skills-Based Virtual Reality Intervention for Chronic Pain: Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. JMIR Formative Research 2020;4(7):e17293 View
  8. Torous J, Jän Myrick K, Rauseo-Ricupero N, Firth J. Digital Mental Health and COVID-19: Using Technology Today to Accelerate the Curve on Access and Quality Tomorrow. JMIR Mental Health 2020;7(3):e18848 View
  9. Vasser M, Aru J. Guidelines for immersive virtual reality in psychological research. Current Opinion in Psychology 2020;36:71 View
  10. Brown T, Nauman Vogel E, Adler S, Bohon C, Bullock K, Nameth K, Riva G, Safer D, Runfola C. Bringing Virtual Reality From Clinical Trials to Clinical Practice for the Treatment of Eating Disorders: An Example Using Virtual Reality Cue Exposure Therapy. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(4):e16386 View
  11. Coco-Martin M, Piñero D, Leal-Vega L, Hernández-Rodríguez C, Adiego J, Molina-Martín A, de Fez D, Arenillas J. The Potential of Virtual Reality for Inducing Neuroplasticity in Children with Amblyopia. Journal of Ophthalmology 2020;2020:1 View
  12. Noben L, Goossens S, Truijens S, van Berckel M, Perquin C, Slooter G, van Rooijen S. A Virtual Reality Video to Improve Information Provision and Reduce Anxiety Before Cesarean Delivery: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health 2019;6(12):e15872 View
  13. Fowler C, Ballistrea L, Mazzone K, Martin A, Kaplan H, Kip K, Ralston K, Murphy J, Winkler S. Virtual Reality as a Therapy Adjunct for Fear of Movement in Veterans With Chronic Pain: Single-Arm Feasibility Study. JMIR Formative Research 2019;3(4):e11266 View
  14. Heinrich C, Cook M, Langlotz T, Regenbrecht H. My hands? Importance of personalised virtual hands in a neurorehabilitation scenario. Virtual Reality 2021;25(2):313 View
  15. Bakshi S, Lin S, Ting D, Chiang M, Chodosh J. The era of artificial intelligence and virtual reality: transforming surgical education in ophthalmology. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2021;105(10):1325 View
  16. Persky S. A Virtual Home for the Virtual Clinical Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(1):e15582 View
  17. Kelly J, Campbell K, Gong E, Scuffham P. The Internet of Things: Impact and Implications for Health Care Delivery. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(11):e20135 View
  18. Cugusi L, Prosperini L, Mura G. Exergaming for Quality of Life in Persons Living with Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta‐analysis. PM&R 2021;13(7):756 View
  19. Senbekov M, Saliev T, Bukeyeva Z, Almabayeva A, Zhanaliyeva M, Aitenova N, Toishibekov Y, Fakhradiyev I, Fayn J. The Recent Progress and Applications of Digital Technologies in Healthcare: A Review. International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications 2020;2020:1 View
  20. De Miguel-Rubio A, Rubio M, Alba-Rueda A, Salazar A, Moral-Munoz J, Lucena-Anton D. Virtual Reality Systems for Upper Limb Motor Function Recovery in Patients With Spinal Cord Injury: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(12):e22537 View
  21. Kondylakis H, Axenie C, (Kiran) Bastola D, Katehakis D, Kouroubali A, Kurz D, Larburu N, Macía I, Maguire R, Maramis C, Marias K, Morrow P, Muro N, Núñez-Benjumea F, Rampun A, Rivera-Romero O, Scotney B, Signorelli G, Wang H, Tsiknakis M, Zwiggelaar R. Status and Recommendations of Technological and Data-Driven Innovations in Cancer Care: Focus Group Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(12):e22034 View
  22. Gajendran M, Sifuentes J, Bashashati M, McCallum R. Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: Definition, Pathophysiology, Clinical Spectrum, Insights into Acute and Long-Term Management. Journal of Investigative Medicine 2020;68(8):1309 View
  23. Puthenpura V, Marks A. Clinical Application of Digital Technologies in Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Supportive Care. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology 2021;10(2):127 View
  24. Erhardsson M, Alt Murphy M, Sunnerhagen K. Commercial head-mounted display virtual reality for upper extremity rehabilitation in chronic stroke: a single-case design study. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020;17(1) View
  25. Garcia L, Birckhead B, Krishnamurthy P, Sackman J, Mackey I, Louis R, Salmasi V, Maddox T, Darnall B. An 8-Week Self-Administered At-Home Behavioral Skills-Based Virtual Reality Program for Chronic Low Back Pain: Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial Conducted During COVID-19. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(2):e26292 View
  26. Won A, Pandita S, Kruzan K. Social Interaction and Pain Threshold in Virtual Reality. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 2020;23(12):829 View
  27. Paul M, Bullock K, Bailenson J. Virtual Reality Behavioral Activation as an Intervention for Major Depressive Disorder: Case Report. JMIR Mental Health 2020;7(11):e24331 View
  28. Appel L, Kisonas E, Appel E, Klein J, Bartlett D, Rosenberg J, Smith C. Introducing virtual reality therapy for inpatients with dementia admitted to an acute care hospital: learnings from a pilot to pave the way to a randomized controlled trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2020;6(1) View
  29. Garcia L, Darnall B, Krishnamurthy P, Mackey I, Sackman J, Louis R, Maddox T, Birckhead B. Self-Administered Behavioral Skills–Based At-Home Virtual Reality Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2021;10(1):e25291 View
  30. Lundin R, Menkes D. Commentary: Managing Virtual Hybrid Psychiatrist-Patient Relationships in a Digital World. Frontiers in Public Health 2021;9 View
  31. Balcombe L, De Leo D. Digital Mental Health Challenges and the Horizon Ahead for Solutions. JMIR Mental Health 2021;8(3):e26811 View
  32. Kravtsova E, Meigal A. Virtual reality technologies in the rehabilitation of patients with peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Vestnik otorinolaringologii 2021;86(1):103 View
  33. Kakoschke N, Page R, de Courten B, Verdejo-Garcia A, McCormack J. Brain training with the body in mind: Towards gamified approach-avoidance training using virtual reality. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 2021;151:102626 View
  34. Hill J, Harrison J, Harris C, Twamley J. Virtual reality, the COVID-19 pandemic and rehabilitation for community-dwelling older adults. British Journal of Community Nursing 2021;26(4):196 View
  35. Hajesmaeel-Gohari S, Sarpourian F, Shafiei E. Virtual reality applications to assist pregnant women: a scoping review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021;21(1) View
  36. Ridout B, Kelson J, Campbell A, Steinbeck K. The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Interventions for Adolescent Patients in Hospital Settings: A Systematic Review (Preprint). Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020 View
  37. Hassandra M, Galanis E, Hatzigeorgiadis A, Goudas M, Mouzakidis C, Karathanasi E, Petridou N, Tsolaki M, Zikas P, Evangelou G, Papagiannakis G, Bellis G, Kokkotis C, Panagiotopoulos S, Giakas G, Theodorakis Y. Α Virtual Reality App for Physical and Cognitive Training of Older People With Mild Cognitive Impairment: Mixed Methods Feasibility Study. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(1):e24170 View
  38. Tran J, Fowler C, Delikat J, Kaplan H, Merzier M, Schlesinger M, Litzenberger S, Marszalek J, Scott S, Winkler S. Immersive Virtual Reality to Improve Outcomes in Veterans With Stroke: Protocol for a Single-Arm Pilot Study. JMIR Research Protocols 2021;10(5):e26133 View
  39. Szczepańska-Gieracha J, Jóźwik S, Cieślik B, Mazurek J, Gajda R. Immersive Virtual Reality Therapy as a Support for Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Pilot Randomized-Controlled Trial. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 2021;24(8):543 View
  40. Szczepańska-Gieracha J, Cieślik B, Serweta A, Klajs K. Virtual Therapeutic Garden: A Promising Method Supporting the Treatment of Depressive Symptoms in Late-Life: A Randomized Pilot Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2021;10(9):1942 View
  41. Asiain J, Braun M, Roussos A. Virtual reality as a psychotherapeutic tool: current uses and limitations. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling 2021:1 View
  42. Corti C, Oprandi M, Chevignard M, Jansari A, Oldrati V, Ferrari E, Martignoni M, Romaniello R, Strazzer S, Bardoni A. Virtual-Reality Performance-Based Assessment of Cognitive Functions in Adult Patients With Acquired Brain Injury: A Scoping Review. Neuropsychology Review 2022;32(2):352 View
  43. Brady N, Lewis J, McCreesh K, Dejaco B, McVeigh J. Physiotherapist beliefs and perspectives on virtual reality–supported rehabilitation for the assessment and management of musculoskeletal shoulder pain: a focus group study protocol. HRB Open Research 2021;4:40 View
  44. Brady N, McVeigh J, McCreesh K, Rio E, Dekkers T, Lewis J. Exploring the effectiveness of immersive Virtual Reality interventions in the management of musculoskeletal pain: a state-of-the-art review. Physical Therapy Reviews 2021;26(4):262 View
  45. Klemm P, Kleyer A, Tascilar K, Schuster L, Meinderink T, Steiger F, Lange U, Müller-Ladner U, Knitza J, Sewerin P, Mucke J, Pfeil A, Schett G, Hartmann F, Hueber A, Simon D. A Virtual Reality–Based App to Educate Health Care Professionals and Medical Students About Inflammatory Arthritis: Feasibility Study. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(2):e23835 View
  46. Huang Z. Challenges and issues in the development of the human healthcare system. Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems 2021:1 View
  47. Brander M, Egger S, Hürlimann N, Seifritz E, Sumner R, Vetter S, Magnenat S. Virtual Reality Human–Human Interface to Deliver Psychotherapy to People Experiencing Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: Development and Usability Study. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(2):e26820 View
  48. Salisbury J. Using Medical Device Standards for Design and Risk Management of Immersive Virtual Reality for At-Home Therapy and Remote Patient Monitoring. JMIR Biomedical Engineering 2021;6(2):e26942 View
  49. Lorentz L, Simone M, Zimmermann M, Studer B, Suchan B, Althausen A, Estocinova J, Müller K, Lendt M. Evaluation of a VR prototype for neuropsychological rehabilitation of attentional functions. Virtual Reality 2023;27(1):187 View
  50. Barteit S, Lanfermann L, Bärnighausen T, Neuhann F, Beiersmann C. Augmented, Mixed, and Virtual Reality-Based Head-Mounted Devices for Medical Education: Systematic Review. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(3):e29080 View
  51. Stunden C, Stratton K, Zakani S, Jacob J. Comparing a Virtual Reality–Based Simulation App (VR-MRI) With a Standard Preparatory Manual and Child Life Program for Improving Success and Reducing Anxiety During Pediatric Medical Imaging: Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(9):e22942 View
  52. Ong T, Wilczewski H, Paige S, Soni H, Welch B, Bunnell B. Extended Reality for Enhanced Telehealth During and Beyond COVID-19: Viewpoint. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(3):e26520 View
  53. Brassel S, Power E, Campbell A, Brunner M, Togher L. Recommendations for the Design and Implementation of Virtual Reality for Acquired Brain Injury Rehabilitation: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(7):e26344 View
  54. Sakhare A, Stradford J, Ravichandran R, Deng R, Ruiz J, Subramanian K, Suh J, Pa J. Simultaneous Exercise and Cognitive Training in Virtual Reality Phase 2 Pilot Study: Impact on Brain Health and Cognition in Older Adults1. Brain Plasticity 2021;7(2):111 View
  55. Sarpourian F, Samad‐Soltani T, Moulaei K, Bahaadinbeigy K. The effect of virtual reality therapy and counseling on students' public speaking anxiety. Health Science Reports 2022;5(5) View
  56. Brassel S, Brunner M, Power E, Campbell A, Togher L. Speech-Language Pathologists' Views of Using Virtual Reality for Managing Cognitive-Communication Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 2023;32(2S):907 View
  57. Taubin D, Berger A, Greenwald D, Greenwald H, Burke C, Gongora D, Wilens T. A systematic review of virtual reality therapies for substance use disorders: Impact on secondary treatment outcomes. The American Journal on Addictions 2023;32(1):13 View
  58. Aasen J, Galaaen K, Nilsson F, Sørensen T, Lien L, Leonhardt M. Promoting Social Participation and Recovery Using Virtual Reality–Based Interventions Among People With Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders: Qualitative Study. JMIR Formative Research 2023;7:e46136 View
  59. Choi J, Thompson C, Choi J, Waddill C, Choi S. Effectiveness of Immersive Virtual Reality in Nursing Education. Nurse Educator 2022;47(3):E57 View
  60. Spiegel B, Liran O, Gale R, Khalil C, Makaroff K, Chernoff R, Raber T, Chang B, Pichetshote N, Rezaie A. Qualitative Validation of a Novel VR Program for Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A VR1 Study. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2022;117(3):495 View
  61. Ong T, Wilczewski H, Soni H, Nisbet Q, Paige S, Barrera J, Welch B, Bunnell B. The Symbiosis of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy and Telemental Health: A Review. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2022;3 View
  62. Elphinston R, Vaezipour A, Fowler J, Russell T, Sterling M. Psychological therapy using virtual reality for treatment of driving phobia: a systematic review. Disability and Rehabilitation 2023;45(10):1582 View
  63. Hill J, Twamley J, Breed H, Kenyon R, Casey R, Zhang J, Clegg A. Scoping review of the use of virtual reality in intensive care units. Nursing in Critical Care 2022;27(6):756 View
  64. Garcia L, Birckhead B, Krishnamurthy P, Mackey I, Sackman J, Salmasi V, Louis R, Maddox T, Darnall B. Three-Month Follow-Up Results of a Double-Blind, Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of 8-Week Self-Administered At-Home Behavioral Skills-Based Virtual Reality (VR) for Chronic Low Back Pain. The Journal of Pain 2022;23(5):822 View
  65. Dwivedi R, Mehrotra D, Chandra S. Potential of Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) applications in building a smart healthcare system: A systematic review. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research 2022;12(2):302 View
  66. Mayer G, Gronewold N, Polte K, Hummel S, Barniske J, Korbel J, Zarnekow R, Schultz J. Experiences of Patients and Therapists Testing a Virtual Reality Exposure App for Symptoms of Claustrophobia: Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Mental Health 2022;9(12):e40056 View
  67. Slatman S, Ostelo R, van Goor H, Staal J, Knoop J. Physiotherapy with integrated virtual reality for patients with complex chronic low back pain: protocol for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (VARIETY study). BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2023;24(1) View
  68. Sarkar U, Lee J, Nguyen K, Lisker S, Lyles C. Barriers and Facilitators to the Implementation of Virtual Reality as a Pain Management Modality in Academic, Community, and Safety-Net Settings: Qualitative Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(9):e26623 View
  69. Li Y, Kim K, Erickson A, Norouzi N, Jules J, Bruder G, Welch G. A Scoping Review of Assistance and Therapy with Head-Mounted Displays for People Who Are Visually Impaired. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing 2022;15(3):1 View
  70. van Minnen A, ter Heide F, Koolstra T, de Jongh A, Karaoglu S, Gevers T. Initial development of perpetrator confrontation using deepfake technology in victims with sexual violence-related PTSD and moral injury. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2022;13 View
  71. Porffy L, Mehta M, Mouchlianitis E, Shergill S. VStore: Feasibility and acceptability of a novel virtual reality functional cognition task. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2022;3 View
  72. NATHANI N, Hasan Z. IMPACT OF AI IN INTERNET OF MEDICAL THINGS FOR HEALTH CARE DELIVERY. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research 2021;8(8):18 View
  73. Heyse J, Depreeuw B, Van Daele T, Daeseleire T, Ongenae F, De Backere F, De Turck F. An adaptation algorithm for personalised virtual reality exposure therapy. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 2022;225:107077 View
  74. Reinders I, Cremers G, van Rooijen S, Leemans J, Perquin C, Geomini P, Maas J, Bongers M. The effect of an informative 360-degree virtual reality video on anxiety for women visiting the one-stop clinic for abnormal uterine bleeding: A randomized controlled trial (VISION-trial). European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2022;272:96 View
  75. Hashimoto S, Suzuki S. A Case of Anisometropic Amblyopia Showing Stereopsis Improvement After Training with a Virtual Reality Device. JAPANESE ORTHOPTIC JOURNAL 2022;52(0):191 View
  76. Pizzoli S, Monzani D, Vergani L, Sanchini V, Mazzocco K. From virtual to real healing: a critical overview of the therapeutic use of virtual reality to cope with mourning. Current Psychology 2023;42(11):8697 View
  77. Zhu K, Zhang Q, He B, Huang M, Lin R, Li H. Immersive Virtual Reality–Based Cognitive Intervention for the Improvement of Cognitive Function, Depression, and Perceived Stress in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Dementia: Pilot Pre-Post Study. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(1):e32117 View
  78. Park S, Nicksic Sigmon C, Boeldt D. A Framework for the Implementation of Digital Mental Health Interventions: The Importance of Feasibility and Acceptability Research. Cureus 2022 View
  79. Langener S, Van Der Nagel J, van Manen J, Markus W, Dijkstra B, De Fuentes-Merillas L, Klaassen R, Heitmann J, Heylen D, Schellekens A. Clinical Relevance of Immersive Virtual Reality in the Assessment and Treatment of Addictive Disorders: A Systematic Review and Future Perspective. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2021;10(16):3658 View
  80. Bernaerts S, Bonroy B, Daems J, Sels R, Struyf D, Gies I, van de Veerdonk W. Virtual Reality for Distraction and Relaxation in a Pediatric Hospital Setting: An Interventional Study With a Mixed-Methods Design. Frontiers in Digital Health 2022;4 View
  81. Lancere L, Jürgen M, Gapeyeva H. Mixed reality and sensor real-time feedback to increase muscle engagement during deep core exercising. Virtual Reality 2023 View
  82. Son H, Ross A, Mendoza-Tirado E, Lee L. Virtual Reality in Clinical Practice and Research: Viewpoint on Novel Applications for Nursing. JMIR Nursing 2022;5(1):e34036 View
  83. Pandrangi V, Shah S, Bruening J, Wax M, Clayburgh D, Andersen P, Li R. Effect of Virtual Reality on Pain Management and Opioid Use Among Hospitalized Patients After Head and Neck Surgery. JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery 2022;148(8):724 View
  84. Addab S, Hamdy R, Le May S, Thorstad K, Tsimicalis A. The use of virtual reality during medical procedures in a pediatric orthopedic setting: A mixed‐methods pilot feasibility study. Paediatric and Neonatal Pain 2022 View
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  86. Beams R, Brown E, Cheng W, Joyner J, Kim A, Kontson K, Amiras D, Baeuerle T, Greenleaf W, Grossmann R, Gupta A, Hamilton C, Hua H, Huynh T, Leuze C, Murthi S, Penczek J, Silva J, Spiegel B, Varshney A, Badano A. Evaluation Challenges for the Application of Extended Reality Devices in Medicine. Journal of Digital Imaging 2022;35(5):1409 View
  87. Bordeleau M, Vincenot M, Lefevre S, Duport A, Seggio L, Breton T, Lelard T, Serra E, Roussel N, Neves J, Léonard G. Treatments for kinesiophobia in people with chronic pain: A scoping review. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 2022;16 View
  88. Bordeleau M, Stamenkovic A, Tardif P, Thomas J. The Use of Virtual Reality in Back Pain Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Pain 2022;23(2):175 View
  89. Antón-Sancho Á, Fernández-Arias P, Vergara D. Virtual Reality in Health Science Education: Professors’ Perceptions. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 2022;6(12):110 View
  90. Hernandez Hernandez M, Michalak E, Choudhury N, Hewko M, Torres I, Menon M, Lam R, Chakrabarty T. Co-design of a Virtual Reality Cognitive Remediation Program for Depression (bWell-D) With Patient End Users and Clinicians: Qualitative Interview Study Among Patients and Clinicians. JMIR Serious Games 2023;11:e43904 View
  91. Shah J, Fermo O. Review of systemic and syndromic complications of cannabis use: A review. Medicine 2022;101(49):e32111 View
  92. Schroeder A, Bogie B, Rahman T, Thérond A, Matheson H, Guimond S. Feasibility and Efficacy of Virtual Reality Interventions to Improve Psychosocial Functioning in Psychosis: Systematic Review. JMIR Mental Health 2022;9(2):e28502 View
  93. Eccleston C, Fisher E, Liikkanen S, Sarapohja T, Stenfors C, Jääskeläinen S, Rice A, Mattila L, Blom T, Bratty J. A prospective, double-blind, pilot, randomized, controlled trial of an “embodied” virtual reality intervention for adults with low back pain. Pain 2022;163(9):1700 View
  94. Checa D, Miguel-Alonso I, Bustillo A. Immersive virtual-reality computer-assembly serious game to enhance autonomous learning. Virtual Reality 2023;27(4):3301 View
  95. Pizzoli S, Monzani D, Mazzocco K, Maggioni E, Pravettoni G. The Power of Odor Persuasion: The Incorporation of Olfactory Cues in Virtual Environments for Personalized Relaxation. Perspectives on Psychological Science 2022;17(3):652 View
  96. He D, Cao S, Le Y, Wang M, Chen Y, Qian B. Virtual Reality Technology in Cognitive Rehabilitation Application: Bibliometric Analysis. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(4):e38315 View
  97. Vlake J, van Bommel J, Riva G, Wiederhold B, Cipresso P, Rizzo A, Botella C, Hooft L, Bienvenu O, Geerts B, Wils E, Gommers D, van Genderen M. Reporting the early stage clinical evaluation of virtual-reality-based intervention trials: RATE-VR. Nature Medicine 2023;29(1):12 View
  98. Lo S, Fowers S, Darko K, Spina T, Graham C, Britto A, Rose A, Tittsworth D, McIntyre A, O'Dowd C, Maguire R, Chang W, Young D, Hoak A, Young R, Dunlop M, Ankrah L, Messow M, Ampomah O, Cutler B, Armstrong R, Lalwani R, Davison R, Bagnall S, Hudson W, Shepperd M, Johnson J. Participatory development of a 3D telemedicine system during COVID: The future of remote consultations. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2023;87:479 View
  99. Qu Z, Lau C, Simoff S, Kennedy P, Nguyen Q, Catchpoole D. Review of Innovative Immersive Technologies for Healthcare Applications. Innovations in Digital Health, Diagnostics, and Biomarkers 2022;2(2022):27 View
  100. Kelly J, Coppieters M, Kluver J, Deen M, Rio E, Harvie D. “It made you feel like you’ve still got it”: experiences of people with chronic low back pain undertaking a single session of body image training in virtual reality. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 2023;39(12):2651 View
  101. Paalimäki-Paakki K, Virtanen M, Henner A, Vähänikkilä H, Nieminen M, Schroderus-Salo T, Kääriäinen M. Effects of a 360° virtual counselling environment on patient anxiety and CCTA process time: A randomised controlled trial. Radiography 2023;29:S13 View
  102. Liu Z, Ren L, Xiao C, Zhang K, Demian P. Virtual Reality Aided Therapy towards Health 4.0: A Two-Decade Bibliometric Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19(3):1525 View
  103. Gagnon Shaigetz V, Proulx C, Cabral A, Choudhury N, Hewko M, Kohlenberg E, Segado M, Smith M, Debergue P. An Immersive and Interactive Platform for Cognitive Assessment and Rehabilitation (bWell): Design and Iterative Development Process. JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies 2021;8(4):e26629 View
  104. Zhu K, Lin R, Li H. Study of virtual reality for mild cognitive impairment: A bibliometric analysis using CiteSpace. International Journal of Nursing Sciences 2022;9(1):129 View
  105. Teng M, Gordon E. Therapeutic virtual reality in prison: Participatory design with incarcerated women. New Media & Society 2021;23(8):2210 View
  106. Lo S, Chapman P, Young D, Drake D, Devlin M, Russell C. The Cleft Lip Education with Augmented Reality (CLEAR) VR Phase 2 Trial: A Pilot Randomized Crossover Trial of a Novel Patient Information Leaflet. The Cleft Palate Craniofacial Journal 2023;60(2):179 View
  107. Mahtab E, Egorova A. Current and future applications of virtual reality technology for cardiac interventions. Nature Reviews Cardiology 2022;19(12):779 View
  108. Brady N, Lewis J, McCreesh K, Dejaco B, McVeigh J. Physiotherapist beliefs and perspectives on virtual reality–supported rehabilitation for the assessment and management of musculoskeletal shoulder pain: a focus group study protocol. HRB Open Research 2022;4:40 View
  109. Holgersen G, Nordgreen T, ten Velden Hegelstad W, Bircow Elgen I. Views of young people with psychosis on using virtual reality assisted therapy. A qualitative study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry 2023;17(4):361 View
  110. Hill J, Hamer O, Breed H, Ford J, Twamley J, Kenyon R, Twamley H, Casey R, Zhang J, Clegg A. The range of uses of virtual reality for intensive care unit staff training: A narrative synthesis scoping review. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 2023;39(3):869 View
  111. Flynn A, Healy D, Barry M, Brennan A, Redfern S, Houghton C, Casey D. Key Stakeholders’ Experiences and Perceptions of Virtual Reality for Older Adults Living With Dementia: Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(4):e37228 View
  112. Kiper P, Przysiężna E, Cieślik B, Broniec-Siekaniec K, Kucińska A, Szczygieł J, Turek K, Gajda R, Szczepańska-Gieracha J. Effects of Immersive Virtual Therapy as a Method Supporting Recovery of Depressive Symptoms in Post-Stroke Rehabilitation: Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Interventions in Aging 2022;Volume 17:1673 View
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  114. Wray T, Emery N. Feasibility, Appropriateness, and Willingness to Use Virtual Reality as an Adjunct to Counseling among Addictions Counselors. Substance Use & Misuse 2022;57(9):1470 View
  115. Garcia L, Birckhead B, Krishnamurthy P, Mackey I, Sackman J, Salmasi V, Louis R, Castro C, Maddox R, Maddox T, Darnall B. Durability of the Treatment Effects of an 8-Week Self-administered Home-Based Virtual Reality Program for Chronic Low Back Pain: 6-Month Follow-up Study of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2022;24(5):e37480 View
  116. Brady N, Dejaco B, Lewis J, McCreesh K, McVeigh J, Zadro J. Physiotherapist beliefs and perspectives on virtual reality supported rehabilitation for the management of musculoskeletal shoulder pain: A focus group study. PLOS ONE 2023;18(4):e0284445 View
  117. Sarker B, Bin Sharif N, Atikur Rahman M, Shahariar Parvez A. AI, IoMT and Blockchain in Healthcare. Journal of Trends in Computer Science and Smart Technology 2023;5(1):30 View
  118. Hernandez R, Wilund K, Solai K, Tamayo D, Fast D, Venkatesan P, Lash J, Lora C, Martinez L, Martin Alemañy G, Martinez A, Kwon S, Romero D, Browning M, Moskowitz J. Positive Psychological Intervention Delivered Using Virtual Reality in Patients on Hemodialysis With Comorbid Depression: Protocol and Design for the Joviality Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2023;12:e45100 View
  119. Cieślik B, Juszko K, Kiper P, Szczepańska-Gieracha J. Immersive virtual reality as support for the mental health of elderly women: a randomized controlled trial. Virtual Reality 2023;27(3):2227 View
  120. Lundin R, Yeap Y, Menkes D. Adverse Effects of Virtual and Augmented Reality Interventions in Psychiatry: Systematic Review. JMIR Mental Health 2023;10:e43240 View
  121. Longo U, Carnevale A, Andreoli F, Mannocchi I, Bravi M, Sassi M, Santacaterina F, Carli M, Schena E, Papalia R. Immersive virtual reality for shoulder rehabilitation: evaluation of a physical therapy program executed with oculus quest 2. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2023;24(1) View
  122. Doğan E, Şahin Y. Virtual reality environment in pharmacy education: A cyclical study on instructional design principles. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 2024;40(1):269 View
  123. Kouijzer M, Kip H, Bouman Y, Kelders S. Implementation of virtual reality in healthcare: a scoping review on the implementation process of virtual reality in various healthcare settings. Implementation Science Communications 2023;4(1) View
  124. Naef A, Jeitziner M, Jakob S, Müri R, Nef T. Creating Custom Immersive 360-Degree Videos for Use in Clinical and Nonclinical Settings: Tutorial. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e42154 View
  125. Moloney M, Doody O, O’Reilly M, Lucey M, Callinan J, Exton C, Colreavy S, O’Mahony F, Meskell P, Coffey A. Virtual reality use and patient outcomes in palliative care: A scoping review. DIGITAL HEALTH 2023;9 View
  126. Lier E, Smits M, de Vries M, van Goor H. Self-Administered Virtual Reality for Postsurgical Pain Management: A Qualitative Study of Hospital Patients’ Reported Experiences. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2023;12(21):6805 View
  127. Lo S, Rose A, Fowers S, Darko K, Britto A, Spina T, Ankrah L, Godonu A, Ntreh D, Lalwani R, Graham C, Tittsworth D, McIntyre A, O’Dowd C, Watson S, Maguire R, Hoak A, Ampomah O, Cutler B. Ghana 3D Telemedicine International MDT: A proof-of-concept study. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2024;88:425 View
  128. Raila H, Avanesyan T, Valentine K, Koo B, Huang C, Tsutsumi Y, Andreeff E, Qiu T, Muñoz Rodríguez P, Varias A, Filippou-Frye M, van Roessel P, Bullock K, Periyakoil V, Rodríguez C. Augmenting group hoarding disorder treatment with virtual reality discarding: A pilot study in older adults. Journal of Psychiatric Research 2023;166:25 View
  129. Bilika P, Karampatsou N, Stavrakakis G, Paliouras A, Theodorakis Y, Strimpakos N, Kapreli E. Virtual Reality-Based Exercise Therapy for Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Scoping Review. Healthcare 2023;11(17):2412 View
  130. Tokgöz P, Wähnert D, Elsner A, Schack T, Cienfuegos Tellez M, Conrad J, Vordemvenne T, Dockweiler C. Virtual Reality for Upper Extremity Rehabilitation—A Prospective Pilot Study. Healthcare 2023;11(10):1498 View
  131. Maddox T, Oldstone L, Sparks C, Sackman J, Oyao A, Garcia L, Maddox R, Ffrench K, Garcia H, Adair T, Irvin A, Maislin D, Keenan B, Bonakdar R, Darnall B. In-Home Virtual Reality Program for Chronic Lower Back Pain: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Effectiveness Trial in a Clinically Severe and Diverse Sample. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Digital Health 2023;1(4):563 View
  132. Groenveld T, Smits M, Knoop J, Kallewaard J, Staal J, de Vries M, van Goor H. Effect of a Behavioral Therapy-Based Virtual Reality Application on Quality of Life in Chronic Low Back Pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2023;39(6):278 View
  133. Logan D, Khanna K, Randall E, O’Donnell S, Reks T, McLennan L. Centering Patient and Clinician Voices in Developing Tools to Address Pain Related School Impairment: A Phase I Study of a Virtual Reality School Simulation for Children and Adolescents with Chronic Pain. Children 2023;10(10):1644 View
  134. Smith C, Gregory C, Bryant L. Utilizing Virtual Reality for Gender‐Affirming Voice Training: Surveying the Attitudes and Perspectives of Potential Consumers. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders 2024;59(3):976 View
  135. Napetschnig A, Brixius K, Deiters W. Development of a Core Set of Quality Criteria for Virtual Reality Applications Designed for Older Adults: Multistep Qualitative Study. Interactive Journal of Medical Research 2023;12:e45433 View
  136. Combalia A, Sanchez-Vives M, Donegan T. Immersive virtual reality in orthopaedics—a narrative review. International Orthopaedics 2024;48(1):21 View
  137. Persky S, Colloca L. Medical Extended Reality Trials: Building Robust Comparators, Controls, and Sham. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e45821 View
  138. Levy A, Nittas V, Wray T. Patient Perceptions of In Vivo Versus Virtual Reality Exposures for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders: Cross-Sectional Survey Study. JMIR Formative Research 2023;7:e47443 View
  139. Wray T, Kemp J, Larsen M. Virtual reality (VR) treatments for anxiety disorders are unambiguously successful, so why are so few therapists using it? Barriers to adoption and potential solutions. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 2023;52(6):603 View
  140. van der Kruk S, Gunn K, MacDougall H, Milne D, Smith K, Zielinski R. Feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of virtual reality as a patient education tool for people with cancer undergoing immunotherapy: a protocol for a randomised controlled pilot study in a regional setting. BMJ Open 2023;13(6):e071080 View
  141. Tzekaki E, Katsipis G, Andreadou E, Mouzakidis C, Baldimtsi E, Karathanasi E, Hassandra M, Galanis E, Hatzigeorgiadis A, Goudas M, Zikas P, Evangelou G, Papagiannakis G, Bellis G, Kokkotis C, Tsatalas T, Giakas G, Theodorakis Y, Tsolaki M, Pantazaki A. VRADA training system as a non-pharmacological dual intervention to alleviate symptoms of the pathophysiology of Mild Cognitive Impairment. Brain Disorders 2023;11:100090 View
  142. Burin-Chu S, Baillet H, Leconte P, Lejeune L, Thouvarecq R, Benguigui N. Effectiveness of virtual reality interventions of the upper limb in children and young adults with cerebral palsy: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation 2024;38(1):15 View
  143. Betka S, Kannape O, Fasola J, Lance F, Cardin S, Schmit A, Similowski T, Soccal P, Herbelin B, Adler D, Blanke O. Virtual reality intervention alleviates dyspnoea in patients recovering from COVID-19 pneumonia. ERJ Open Research 2023;9(6):00570-2022 View
  144. Porter R, Beaglehole B, Baghaei N. Virtual reality technology in the treatment of anxiety – progress and future challenges. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 2023;23(12):1047 View
  145. Mazurek J, Cieślik B, Wrzeciono A, Gajda R, Szczepańska-Gieracha J. Immersive Virtual Reality Therapy Is Supportive for Orthopedic Rehabilitation among the Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2023;12(24):7681 View
  146. Qu Z, Nguyen Q, Lau C, Johnston A, Kennedy P, Simoff S, Catchpoole D. Understanding cancer patient cohorts in virtual reality environment for better clinical decisions: a usability study. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2023;23(1) View
  147. Wu S, Chuang C, Liao W, Li C, Shih H. Using Virtual Reality in a Rehabilitation Program for Patients With Breast Cancer: Phenomenological Study. JMIR Serious Games 2024;12:e44025 View
  148. Jia X, Xu J, Xu Y, Li H, Peng S, Zhao B. Complementarity with Real Forests: A Conceptual Framework and Narrative Review of Multidimensional Effects in Virtual Forests. Forests 2023;15(1):83 View
  149. Maria Pizzoli S, Vergani L, Monzani D, Scotto L, Cincidda C, Pravettoni G. The Sound of Grief: A Critical Discussion on the Experience of Creating and Listening to the Digitally Reproduced Voice of the Deceived. OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying 2024 View
  150. Francová A, Jablonská M, Fajnerová I. Design and Evaluation of Virtual Reality Environments for Claustrophobia. PRESENCE: Virtual and Augmented Reality 2023;32:23 View
  151. Woodall W, Chang E, Toy S, Lee D, Sherman J. Does Extended Reality Simulation Improve Surgical/Procedural Learning and Patient Outcomes When Compared With Standard Training Methods?. Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2024;19(1S):S98 View
  152. Brassel S, Brunner M, Campbell A, Power E, Togher L. Exploring Discussions About Virtual Reality on Twitter to Inform Brain Injury Rehabilitation: Content and Network Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024;26:e45168 View
  153. Spiegel B, Rizzo A, Persky S, Liran O, Wiederhold B, Woods S, Donovan K, Sarkar K, Xiang H, Joo S, Jotwani R, Lang M, Paul M, Senter-Zapata M, Widmeier K, Zhang H. What Is Medical Extended Reality? A Taxonomy Defining the Current Breadth and Depth of an Evolving Field. Journal of Medical Extended Reality 2024;1(1):4 View
  154. Slatman S, Groenveld T, Ostelo R, van Goor H, Staal J, Knoop J. Development of a Multimodal, Personalized Intervention of Virtual Reality Integrated Within Physiotherapy for Patients With Complex Chronic Low-Back Pain. Journal of Medical Extended Reality 2024;1(1):30 View
  155. Mulvaney P, Rooney B, Friehs M, Leader J. Social VR design features and experiential outcomes: narrative review and relationship map for dyadic agent conversations. Virtual Reality 2024;28(1) View
  156. Dejaco B, Brady N, Tankink A, Lewis J, van Goor H, Staal J, Stolwijk N. Experiences of physiotherapists considering virtual reality for shoulder rehabilitation: A focus group study. DIGITAL HEALTH 2024;10 View
  157. Albert L, Potheegadoo J, Herbelin B, Bernasconi F, Blanke O. Numerosity estimation of virtual humans as a digital-robotic marker for hallucinations in Parkinson’s disease. Nature Communications 2024;15(1) View
  158. El-Gabalawy R, Sommer J, Hebbard P, Reynolds K, Logan G, Smith M, Mutter T, Mutch W, Mota N, Proulx C, Gagnon Shaigetz V, Maples-Keller J, Arora R, Perrin D, Benedictson J, Jacobsohn E. An Immersive Virtual Reality Intervention for Preoperative Anxiety and Distress Among Adults Undergoing Oncological Surgery: Protocol for a 3-Phase Development and Feasibility Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2024;13:e55692 View
  159. Reategui-Rivera C, Villarreal-Zegarra D, De La Cruz-Torralva K, Díaz-Sánchez P, Finkelstein J. Immersive Technologies for Depression Care: Scoping Review. JMIR Mental Health 2024;11:e56056 View
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  161. Goh C, Ma Y, Rizzo A. Normative performance data on visual attention in neurotypical children: virtual reality assessment of cognitive and psychomotor development. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2024;5 View
  162. Dhunnoo P, Wetzlmair L, O’Carroll V. Extended Reality Therapies for Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review of Patients’ and Healthcare Professionals’ Perspectives. Sci 2024;6(2):19 View
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  164. Mangal s, Sharma R, Fatima A, Mangal D, Panvar V, Panvar R. Technology Empowerment of ASHA Workers Using E-Health Initiatives in Rural Rajasthan. Healthline 2023;14(4):276 View
  165. Lopes M, Falk T. Audio-visual-olfactory immersive digital nature exposure for stress and anxiety reduction: a systematic review on systems, outcomes, and challenges. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2024;5 View
  166. Marques J, Figueiredo C, Scanavino M. A review of published studies on virtual reality in sexuality research. Sexual Medicine Reviews 2024 View
  167. Kouijzer M, Kip H, Kelders S, Bouman Y. The introduction of virtual reality in forensic mental healthcare – an interview study on the first impressions of patients and healthcare providers regarding VR in treatment. Frontiers in Psychology 2024;15 View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Fernández-Alvarez J, Colombo D, Botella C, García-Palacios A, Riva G. Pervasive Computing Paradigms for Mental Health. View
  2. . IDeaLs (Innovation and Design as Leadership). View
  3. Pandey R, Pandey A, Maurya P, Singh G. The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) and Telemedicine Frameworks and Applications. View
  4. Jifrina Premnath B, Nalini N. Machine Intelligence for Internet of Medical Things: Applications and Future Trends. View
  5. Demetriou D, Mathabe K, Lolas G, Dlamini Z. Society 5.0 and Next Generation Healthcare. View
  6. Rizzo A, Hartholt A, Mozgai S. Handbook of Media Psychology. View