Published on in Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Apr-Jun

Ethical Issues for Direct-to-Consumer Digital Psychotherapy Apps: Addressing Accountability, Data Protection, and Consent

Ethical Issues for Direct-to-Consumer Digital Psychotherapy Apps: Addressing Accountability, Data Protection, and Consent

Ethical Issues for Direct-to-Consumer Digital Psychotherapy Apps: Addressing Accountability, Data Protection, and Consent

Journals

  1. Marshall J, Dunstan D, Bartik W. Clinical or gimmickal: The use and effectiveness of mobile mental health apps for treating anxiety and depression. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2020;54(1):20 View
  2. Hochheiser H, Valdez R. Human-Computer Interaction, Ethics, and Biomedical Informatics. Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2020;29(01):093 View
  3. Vialatte F. Le numérique au service des psychothérapies dans le trouble de stress post-traumatique. French Journal of Psychiatry 2019;1:S13 View
  4. Jacobson N, Bentley K, Walton A, Wang S, Fortgang R, Millner A, Coombs G, Rodman A, Coppersmith D. Ethical dilemmas posed by mobile health and machine learning in psychiatry research. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2020;98(4):270 View
  5. Fordham J, Ball C. Framing Mental Health Within Digital Games: An Exploratory Case Study of Hellblade. JMIR Mental Health 2019;6(4):e12432 View
  6. Martinez-Martin N, Insel T, Dagum P, Greely H, Cho M. Data mining for health: staking out the ethical territory of digital phenotyping. npj Digital Medicine 2018;1(1) View
  7. Bauer M, Glenn T, Geddes J, Gitlin M, Grof P, Kessing L, Monteith S, Faurholt-Jepsen M, Severus E, Whybrow P. Smartphones in mental health: a critical review of background issues, current status and future concerns. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020;8(1) View
  8. Galvin H, DeMuro P. Developments in Privacy and Data Ownership in Mobile Health Technologies, 2016-2019. Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2020;29(01):032 View
  9. Miner A, Shah N, Bullock K, Arnow B, Bailenson J, Hancock J. Key Considerations for Incorporating Conversational AI in Psychotherapy. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2019;10 View
  10. Torous J, Wisniewski H, Liu G, Keshavan M. Mental Health Mobile Phone App Usage, Concerns, and Benefits Among Psychiatric Outpatients: Comparative Survey Study. JMIR Mental Health 2018;5(4):e11715 View
  11. Miner A, Haque A, Fries J, Fleming S, Wilfley D, Terence Wilson G, Milstein A, Jurafsky D, Arnow B, Stewart Agras W, Fei-Fei L, Shah N. Assessing the accuracy of automatic speech recognition for psychotherapy. npj Digital Medicine 2020;3(1) View
  12. Moore J, Caudill R. The Bot Will See You Now. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2019;42(4):627 View
  13. Nurgalieva L, O'Callaghan D, Doherty G. Security and Privacy of mHealth Applications: A Scoping Review. IEEE Access 2020;8:104247 View
  14. Chiauzzi E, Newell A. Mental Health Apps in Psychiatric Treatment: A Patient Perspective on Real World Technology Usage. JMIR Mental Health 2019;6(4):e12292 View
  15. Bubolz S, Mayer G, Gronewold N, Hilbel T, Schultz J. Adherence to Established Treatment Guidelines Among Unguided Digital Interventions for Depression: Quality Evaluation of 28 Web-Based Programs and Mobile Apps. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(7):e16136 View
  16. Kreitmair K. Dimensions of Ethical Direct-to-Consumer Neurotechnologies. AJOB Neuroscience 2019;10(4):152 View
  17. Lustgarten S, Garrison Y, Sinnard M, Flynn A. Digital privacy in mental healthcare: current issues and recommendations for technology use. Current Opinion in Psychology 2020;36:25 View
  18. Kreitmair K. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Ethical Dimensions of Direct-to-Consumer Neurotechnologies”. AJOB Neuroscience 2019;10(4):W1 View
  19. Naufel S, Klein E. Brain–computer interface (BCI) researcher perspectives on neural data ownership and privacy. Journal of Neural Engineering 2020;17(1):016039 View
  20. Heesacker M, Perez C, Quinn M, Benton S. Computer‐assisted psychological assessment and psychotherapy for collegians. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2020;76(6):952 View
  21. Palanica A, Flaschner P, Thommandram A, Li M, Fossat Y. Physicians’ Perceptions of Chatbots in Health Care: Cross-Sectional Web-Based Survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2019;21(4):e12887 View
  22. Palmer K, Burrows V. Ethical and Safety Concerns Regarding the Use of Mental Health–Related Apps in Counseling: Considerations for Counselors. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science 2021;6(1):137 View
  23. Fiske A, Henningsen P, Buyx A. Your Robot Therapist Will See You Now: Ethical Implications of Embodied Artificial Intelligence in Psychiatry, Psychology, and Psychotherapy. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2019;21(5):e13216 View
  24. Laacke S, Mueller R, Schomerus G, Salloch S. Artificial Intelligence, Social Media and Depression. A New Concept of Health-Related Digital Autonomy. The American Journal of Bioethics 2021;21(7):4 View
  25. Martinez-Martin N, Dasgupta I, Carter A, Chandler J, Kellmeyer P, Kreitmair K, Weiss A, Cabrera L. Ethics of Digital Mental Health During COVID-19: Crisis and Opportunities. JMIR Mental Health 2020;7(12):e23776 View
  26. Kuhn E, Fiske A, Henningsen P, Buyx A. Psychotherapie mit einer autonomen Künstlichen Intelligenz – Ethische Chancen und Herausforderungen 1. Psychiatrische Praxis 2021;48(S 01):S26 View
  27. Chivilgina O, Elger B, Jotterand F. Digital Technologies for Schizophrenia Management: A Descriptive Review. Science and Engineering Ethics 2021;27(2) View
  28. Blease C, Kharko A, Annoni M, Gaab J, Locher C. Machine Learning in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Education: A Mixed Methods Pilot Survey of Postgraduate Students at a Swiss University. Frontiers in Public Health 2021;9 View
  29. Skorburg J, Yam J. Is There an App for That?: Ethical Issues in the Digital Mental Health Response to COVID-19. AJOB Neuroscience 2022;13(3):177 View
  30. Davies B. ‘Personal Health Surveillance’: The Use of mHealth in Healthcare Responsibilisation. Public Health Ethics 2021;14(3):268 View
  31. Zidaru T, Morrow E, Stockley R. Ensuring patient and public involvement in the transition to AI‐assisted mental health care: A systematic scoping review and agenda for design justice. Health Expectations 2021;24(4):1072 View
  32. Ferretti A, Hedrich N, Lovey T, Vayena E, Schlagenhauf P. Mobile apps for travel medicine and ethical considerations: A systematic review. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease 2021;43:102143 View
  33. Ursin F, Timmermann C, Orzechowski M, Steger F. Diagnosing Diabetic Retinopathy With Artificial Intelligence: What Information Should Be Included to Ensure Ethical Informed Consent?. Frontiers in Medicine 2021;8 View
  34. Ong T, Wilczewski H, Paige S, Soni H, Welch B, Bunnell B. Extended Reality for Enhanced Telehealth During and Beyond COVID-19: Viewpoint. JMIR Serious Games 2021;9(3):e26520 View
  35. Vilaza G, McCashin D. Is the Automation of Digital Mental Health Ethical? Applying an Ethical Framework to Chatbots for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. Frontiers in Digital Health 2021;3 View
  36. Rubeis G. iHealth: The ethics of artificial intelligence and big data in mental healthcare. Internet Interventions 2022;28:100518 View
  37. Venegas M, Brooks J, Myers A, Storm M, Fortuna K. Peer Support Specialists and Service Users’ Perspectives on Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security of Digital Mental Health. IEEE Pervasive Computing 2022;21(2):41 View
  38. Deng D, Rogers T, Naslund J. The Role of Moderators in Facilitating and Encouraging Peer-to-Peer Support in an Online Mental Health Community: A Qualitative Exploratory Study. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science 2023;8(2):128 View
  39. Seow L, Chang S, Sambasivam R, Subramaniam M, Lu S, Assudani H, Tan C, Vaingankar J. Psychotherapists’ perspective of the use of eHealth services to enhance positive mental health promotion. DIGITAL HEALTH 2023;9:205520762211474 View
  40. Khati A, Wickersham J, Rosen A, Luces J, Copenhaver N, Jeri-Wahrhaftig A, Ab Halim M, Azwa I, Gautam K, Ooi K, Shrestha R. Ethical Issues in the Use of Smartphone Apps for HIV Prevention in Malaysia: Focus Group Study With Men Who Have Sex With Men. JMIR Formative Research 2022;6(12):e42939 View
  41. Siala H, Wang Y. SHIFTing artificial intelligence to be responsible in healthcare: A systematic review. Social Science & Medicine 2022;296:114782 View
  42. Solanki P, Grundy J, Hussain W. Operationalising ethics in artificial intelligence for healthcare: a framework for AI developers. AI and Ethics 2023;3(1):223 View
  43. Kassinopoulos O, Vasiliou V, Karekla M. Overcoming challenges in adherence and engagement digital interventions: The development of the ALGEApp for chronic pain management. Internet Interventions 2023;32:100611 View
  44. Shen N, Kassam I, Zhao H, Chen S, Wang W, Wickham S, Strudwick G, Carter-Langford A. Foundations for Meaningful Consent in Canada’s Digital Health Ecosystem: Retrospective Study. JMIR Medical Informatics 2022;10(3):e30986 View
  45. Wies B, Landers C, Ienca M. Digital Mental Health for Young People: A Scoping Review of Ethical Promises and Challenges. Frontiers in Digital Health 2021;3 View
  46. Eis S, Solà-Morales O, Duarte-Díaz A, Vidal-Alaball J, Perestelo-Pérez L, Robles N, Carrion C. Mobile Applications in Mood Disorders and Mental Health: Systematic Search in Apple App Store and Google Play Store and Review of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19(4):2186 View
  47. Vilaza G, Bækgaard P. Teaching User Experience Design Ethics to Engineering Students: Lessons Learned. Frontiers in Computer Science 2022;4 View
  48. Alzahrani A, Gay V, Alturki R. Exploring Saudi Individuals’ Perspectives and Needs to Design a Hypertension Management Mobile Technology Solution: Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19(19):12956 View
  49. Williams J, Pykett J. Mental health monitoring apps for depression and anxiety in children and young people: A scoping review and critical ecological analysis. Social Science & Medicine 2022;297:114802 View
  50. Sharma A, Lin I, Miner A, Atkins D, Althoff T. Human–AI collaboration enables more empathic conversations in text-based peer-to-peer mental health support. Nature Machine Intelligence 2023;5(1):46 View
  51. Möllmann N, Mirbabaie M, Stieglitz S. Is it alright to use artificial intelligence in digital health? A systematic literature review on ethical considerations. Health Informatics Journal 2021;27(4):146045822110523 View
  52. Starke G, Schmidt B, De Clercq E, Elger B. Explainability as fig leaf? An exploration of experts’ ethical expectations towards machine learning in psychiatry. AI and Ethics 2023;3(1):303 View
  53. Abd-alrazaq A, Alhuwail D, Schneider J, Toro C, Ahmed A, Alzubaidi M, Alajlani M, Househ M. The performance of artificial intelligence-driven technologies in diagnosing mental disorders: an umbrella review. npj Digital Medicine 2022;5(1) View
  54. Alhasani M, Mulchandani D, Oyebode O, Baghaei N, Orji R. A Systematic and Comparative Review of Behavior Change Strategies in Stress Management Apps: Opportunities for Improvement. Frontiers in Public Health 2022;10 View
  55. Kerr J, Naegelin M, Benk M, v Wangenheim F, Meins E, Viganò E, Ferrario A. Investigating Employees’ Concerns and Wishes Regarding Digital Stress Management Interventions With Value Sensitive Design: Mixed Methods Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e44131 View
  56. Achtyes E, Glenn T, Monteith S, Geddes J, Whybrow P, Martini J, Bauer M. Telepsychiatry in an Era of Digital Mental Health Startups. Current Psychiatry Reports 2023;25(6):263 View
  57. Ramadhani C. Chatbots in Pharmacy: A Boon or a Bane for Patient Care and Pharmacy Practice?. Sciences of Pharmacy 2023;2(3):1 View
  58. Surani A, Bawaked A, Wheeler M, kelsey B, Roberts N, Vincent D, Das S. Security and Privacy of Digital Mental Health: An Analysis of Web Services and Mobile Apps. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  59. Capelo M, Lopes N, Rosa B, Silvestre M. Reflexión ética sobre la teleconsulta. Revista Bioética 2023;31 View
  60. Coghlan S, Leins K, Sheldrick S, Cheong M, Gooding P, D'Alfonso S. To chat or bot to chat: Ethical issues with using chatbots in mental health. DIGITAL HEALTH 2023;9 View
  61. Capelo M, Lopes N, Rosa B, Silvestre M. Reflections on remote consultation. Revista Bioética 2023;31 View
  62. Tan T, Roslan N, Li J, Zou X, Chen X, - R, Santosa A. Chatbots for Symptom Screening and Patient Education: A Pilot Study on Patient Acceptability in Autoimmune Inflammatory Diseases (Preprint). JMIR Formative Research 2023 View
  63. Wutz M, Hermes M, Winter V, Köberlein-Neu J. Factors Influencing the Acceptability, Acceptance, and Adoption of Conversational Agents in Health Care: Integrative Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e46548 View
  64. Jo E, Kouaho W, Schueller S, Epstein D. Exploring User Perspectives of and Ethical Experiences With Teletherapy Apps: Qualitative Analysis of User Reviews. JMIR Mental Health 2023;10:e49684 View
  65. Youn S, Jaso B, Eyllon M, Sah P, Hoyler G, Barnes J, Jarama K, Murillo L, O’Dea H, Orth L, Pennine M, Rogers E, Welch G, Nordberg S. Leveraging Implementation Science to Integrate Digital Mental Health Interventions as part of Routine Care in a Practice Research Network. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 2023 View
  66. Hunt X, Jivan D, Naslund J, Breet E, Bantjes J. South African university students’ experiences of online group cognitive behavioural therapy: Implications for delivering digital mental health interventions to young people. Cambridge Prisms: Global Mental Health 2023;10 View
  67. Li L, Peng W, Rheu M. Factors Predicting Intentions of Adoption and Continued Use of Artificial Intelligence Chatbots for Mental Health: Examining the Role of UTAUT Model, Stigma, Privacy Concerns, and Artificial Intelligence Hesitancy. Telemedicine and e-Health 2024;30(3):722 View
  68. Capelo M, Lopes N, Rosa B, Silvestre M. Reflexão ética sobre a teleconsulta. Revista Bioética 2023;31 View
  69. Gruebner O, van Haasteren A, Hug A, Elayan S, Sykora M, Albanese E, Stettner G, Waldboth V, Messmer-Khosla S, Enzmann C, Baumann D, von Wyl V, Fadda M, Wolf M, von Rhein M. Mental health challenges and digital platform opportunities in patients and families affected by pediatric neuromuscular diseases - experiences from Switzerland. DIGITAL HEALTH 2023;9 View
  70. Taufiek H, Ulhaq D, Ramadhan T, Ilham M, Rahmadini L, Siswajanthy F. Tinjauan Hukum Ekonomi terhadap Perlindungan Konsumen dalam Transaksi Online. Indonesian Journal of Law and Justice 2023;1(2):11 View
  71. Putri E, Reykasari Y. Perlindungan Konsumen Terhadap Peredaran Produk Kosmetik Mengandung Bahan Berbahaya yang Merugikan Konsumen (Studi Analisis Produk Kosmetik Temulawak New Day & Night Cream Beauty Whitening). Indonesian Journal of Law and Justice 2023;1(2):19 View
  72. Bavli I, Ho A, Mahal R, McKeown M. Ethical concerns around privacy and data security in AI health monitoring for Parkinson’s disease: insights from patients, family members, and healthcare professionals. AI & SOCIETY 2024 View
  73. Verbeke K, Jain C, Shpendi A, Borry P. Safeguarding Users of Consumer Mental Health Apps in Research and Product Improvement Studies: an Interview Study. Neuroethics 2024;17(1) View
  74. Hurley M, Sonig A, Herrington J, Storch E, Lázaro-Muñoz G, Blumenthal-Barby J, Kostick-Quenet K. Ethical considerations for integrating multimodal computer perception and neurotechnology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2024;18 View
  75. Nagappan A, Kalokairinou L, Wexler A, Ayatollahi H. Ethical issues in direct-to-consumer healthcare: A scoping review. PLOS Digital Health 2024;3(2):e0000452 View
  76. Van Meter A, Agrawal N. LovesCompany: evaluating the safety and feasibility of a mental health-focused online community for adolescents. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health 2024:1 View
  77. Faissner M, Kuhn E, Müller R, Laacke S. Detecting your depression with your smartphone? – An ethical analysis of epistemic injustice in passive self-tracking apps. Ethics and Information Technology 2024;26(2) View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Pedrelli P, Bentley K, Howe E, Shapero B. The Massachusetts General Hospital Guide to Depression. View
  2. Cho P, Singh K, Dunn J. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. View
  3. Dasgupta I. Ethical Dimensions of Commercial and DIY Neurotechnologies. View
  4. Musyimi C, Lai Y, Mutiso V, Ndetei D. Innovations in Global Mental Health. View
  5. Fiske A, Henningsen P, Buyx A. Ethics of Digital Well-Being. View
  6. Hussain F, Stange J, Langenecker S, McInnis M, Zulueta J, Piscitello A, Cao B, Huang H, Yu P, Nelson P, Ajilore O, Leow A. Digital Phenotyping and Mobile Sensing. View
  7. Martinez-Martin N. Ethical Dimensions of Commercial and DIY Neurotechnologies. View
  8. Callejas Z, Griol D. Dialog Systems. View
  9. Denecke K, Abd-Alrazaq A, Househ M. Multiple Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare. View
  10. Musyimi C, Lai Y, Mutiso V, Ndetei D. Innovations in Global Mental Health. View
  11. Landers C, Wies B, Ienca M. Digital Therapeutics for Mental Health and Addiction. View
  12. Hussain F, Stange J, Langenecker S, McInnis M, Zulueta J, Piscitello A, Ross M, Demos A, Vesel C, Rashidisabet H, Cao B, Huang H, Yu P, Nelson P, Ajilore O, Leow A. Digital Phenotyping and Mobile Sensing. View
  13. Kim H. The International Encyclopedia of Health Communication. View
  14. Bolesnikov A, Golshan A, Tierney L, Mann A, Kang J, Girouard A. Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare. View
  15. Martinez-Martin N. Ethics and Clinical Neuroinnovation. View
  16. Nurgalieva L, Doherty G. Digital Therapeutics for Mental Health and Addiction. View
  17. Martinez-Martin N. Artificial Intelligence in Brain and Mental Health: Philosophical, Ethical & Policy Issues. View
  18. Surani A, Bawaked A, Wheeler M, Kelsey B, Roberts N, Vincent D, Das S. Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXXVII. View
  19. Johnson S, Simon G, Aliferis C. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Health Care and Medical Sciences. View