JMIR Mental Health
Internet interventions, technologies and digital innovations for mental health and behaviour change
JMIR Mental Health (JMH, ISSN 2368-7959) is a new spin-off journal of JMIR, the leading eHealth journal (Impact Factor 2013: 4.7).
JMIR Mental Health focusses on digital health and Internet interventions, technologies and electronic innovations (software and hardware) for mental health, addictions, online counselling and behaviour change. This includes formative evaluation and system descriptions, theoretical papers, review papers, viewpoint/vision papers, and rigorous evaluations.
JMIR Mental Health publishes even faster and has a broader scope with including papers which are more technical or more formative/developmental than what would be published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.
JMIR Mental Health features a rapid and thorough peer-review process, professional copyediting, professional production of PDF, XHTML, and XML proofs (ready for deposit in PubMed Central/PubMed), and an ipad App (in prep.).
JMIR Mental Health adheres to the same quality standards as JMIR and all articles published here are also cross-listed in the Table of Contents of JMIR, the worlds' leading medical journal in health sciences / health services research and health informatics.
Editorial Board members are currently being recruited, please contact us if you are interested (jmir.editorial.office at gmail.com).
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Finding web-based anxiety interventions on the world wide web: A scoping review
Date Submitted: Nov 18, 2015
Open Peer Review Period: Nov 18, 2015 - Jan 13, 2016
Background: One relatively new and increasingly popular approach of increasing access to treatment is web-based intervention programs. The advantage of web-based approaches is the accessibility, affor...
Background: One relatively new and increasingly popular approach of increasing access to treatment is web-based intervention programs. The advantage of web-based approaches is the accessibility, affordability, and anonymity of potentially evidence-based treatment. Despite much research evidence on the effectiveness of web-based interventions for anxiety found in the literature, little is known about what is publically available for potential consumers on the web. Objective: Our aim was to explore what a consumer searching the web for web-based intervention options for anxiety related issues might find. The objectives were to (a) identify currently publically available web-based intervention programs for anxiety and synthesise and review these in terms of (i) website characteristics such as credibility and accessibility, (ii) intervention program characteristics such as intervention focus, design, and presentation modes, (iii) therapeutic elements employed, and (iv) published evidence of efficacy. Methods: Web keyword searches were carried out on three major search engines (Google, Bing, Yahoo – UK platforms). For each search, the first 25 hyperlinks were screened for eligible programs. Included were programs which were designed for anxiety symptoms, currently publically accessible on the web, had an online component, a structured treatment plan, and were available in English. Data was extracted for website characteristics, intervention program characteristics, therapeutic characteristics, as well as empirical evidence. Programs were also evaluated using a 16-point rating tool. Results: The search resulted in 34 programs which were eligible for review. A wide variety of programs for anxiety, including specific anxiety disorders, anxiety in combination with stress, depression or anger were identified and based predominantly on cognitive behavioural therapy techniques. The majority of websites were rated as credible, secure, and free of advertisement. The majority required users to register and/or to pay a program access fee. Half of the programs offered some form of paid therapist or professional support. Programs varied in the treatment length and number of modules and employed a variety of presentation modes. Relatively few programs had published research evidence of the intervention’s efficacy. Conclusions: This review represents a snapshot of available web-based intervention programs for anxiety which may be found by consumers in March 2015. The consumer is confronted with a diversity of programs, which makes it difficult to identify an appropriate program. Limited report and existence of empirical evidence for efficacy make it even more challenging to identify credible and reliable programs. This highlights the need for consistent guidelines and standards on developing, providing, and evaluating web-based interventions and platforms with reliable up-to-date information for professionals and consumers about the characteristics, quality and accessibility of web-based interventions. Clinical Trial: N/A